To regain the initiative, Washington and his lieutenants plotted a bold strike against the primary British camp at Germantown… Still, the British were greatly surprised that an opponent whom they believed was beaten could launch such a fierce attack. The Battle of Germantown was part of the Philadelphia Campaign, which saw Philadelphia captured by the British on September 26. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! Today, the Revolutionary Germantown Festival keeps the tradition alive, energizing the community with a day of family entertainment and Battle of Germantown reenactments. Explore Germantown and its historic sites to learn how the American Revolution and the Battle of Germantown affected people in 1777. Battle of Germantown Definition: The Battle of Germantown was a military conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in North America during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Discover what made Washington "first in war, first in peace and first in the hearts of his countrymen". Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.Kutztown University. Howe marched his army to Germantown on September 25 th, about 6 miles northwest of Philadelphia along the Schuylkill River. Battle of Germantown. Slideshow compiled of three years of re-enactment footage. Sullivan wisely bypassed the structure and continued his advance over a mile, driving the British from a series of fenced yards in the town. On the right is a rendering of the Benjamin Chew House, where troops from the British 40th Regiment held off the attacking Continental Army in some of the bloodiest fighting of the battle. The British force in the village totaled 9,000 men. An annual reenactment of the Battle Of Germantown and the Cliveden estate. The Revolutionary Germantown Festival 2017 will be Saturday October 7. George Washington, commanding an army of 8,000 Continentals and 3,000 militiamen, sensed an opportunity. Such distractions allowed Howe time to organize a counterattack with fresh troops. Battle: Germantown War: American Revolution Date of the Battle of Germantown: 4 th October 1777 Place of the Battle of Germantown: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the United States of America. In addition, the militia columns failed to envelop Howe's flanks. With victory seemingly in sight, however, the American attack unraveled. The Battle of Germantown in Philadelphia was yet another in a string of defeats for the American General George Washington in the Revolutionary War, but like so many of Washingtonâs setbacks, he had an uncanny ability to come away from a stinging military loss with an overall gain or advantage. Map of the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777. Sullivan's troops were running low on ammunition and slowed their advance before coming under a volley of friendly fire from Greene's men, who had become disoriented in the fog. In an open space in â¦ The militia, under General William Smallwood, would target the British extreme right and rear. The vanguard of Sullivan's column, on Germantown Road, launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry at Mount Airy just as the sun was rising at around 5:00 am. Washington, on the advice of artillery commander Henry Knox, decided to attack the sturdy building rather than isolate it with a small force. The Americans' most serious challenge was at Cliveden. The Continental Army had suffered defeats trying to protect the city at the Battles of Brandywine and Paoli. He decided to attack and destroy the enemy detachment at Germantown using a double envelopment. close to the highway, from which the farm fences, orchards, and inclosures extended back a considerable distance on each side. Following the American defeat at the Battle of Brandywine in September 1777, the British Army captured Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress. Washington set his plan into motion on the night of October 3. The next day, September 26 th, he and Lt. General Cornwallis entered Philadelphia leading a procession of two brigade â¦ British 40th Foot occupying the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War: picture by Xavier della Gatta American guns fire on the Chew House at the Battle of Germantown on 4th October 1777 in the American Revolutionary War Map of the Battle of Germantown… Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown: General George Washington against Major â¦ Sullivan’s column was the first to make contact, driving back the British pickets on Mount Airy. British Forces was commanded by Gen. William Howe and consisted of about12,500 Soldiers. Join in the festivities every year on the first Saturday of October. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 2007. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. The Battle of Germantown took place during the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign of the American Revolution (1775-1783). British casualties were estimated to be 71 killed, 450 â¦ The morning was foggy, and American coordination broke down. Washington reinforced to 11,000 troops and decided to attack using a plan similar to the one that he employed at Trenton in December 1776. The battle was a decisive victory for the British. A variety of activities for the whole family will be available at Cliveden and Historic Germantown sites. HISTORICAL MAP | The Battle of Germantown, Pennsylvania on October 4, 1777. The British suffered more than 500 casualties of their own. Combatants at the Battle of Germantown: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals at the Battle of Germantown… Mansion, while the fighting around Cliveden raged on, Sullivan pushed his men towards the British resisted! 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